PCOS is a problem related to hormones. Oestrogen and progesterone are the main female hormones and some amount of androgen which is a male hormone is also present in females. Imbalance in these hormones leads to PCOS. It is not completely understood why or how the changes in the hormone levels occur. These changes lead to problems in the ovulation process of the ovaries resulting in the development of many immature eggs. In normal ovulation, one or more eggs get matured and are released during one menstrual cycle. In PCOS, eggs are not released from the ovaries and they form many small cysts in the ovary. Most of the time, PCOS is diagnosed in women in their 20s or 30s. However, it may also affect teenage girls. Symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or a lot of them. The most common symptoms are:
Delayed cycles, scanty menstrual bleeding, or irregular spotting during the menstrual cycle
- Excessive weight gain
- Extra facial hair. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair.
- Hair fall (scalp)
- Difficulty in conceiving (infertility)
History of menstrual irregularities with weight gain or increased facial hair gives the hint of it being due to PCOS. An Ultrasound of the ovaries leads to a clear diagnosis as we can see the typically multicystic or polycystic ovaries. Blood tests to see hormonal levels can reconfirm the diagnosis. Blood tests are also done for glucose metabolism as this is found to be deranged in some cases of PCOS.
Regular exercise, a balanced diet is important for the treatment. One should try to lose weight with exercise and diet management preferably under the guidance of a dietician
Hormonal pills are usually needed which should only be taken under proper medical guidance.
You need to be aware of it so that treatment is started sooner. If you are also dealing with similar symptoms, then consult the best gynecologist in Jaipur for the treatment without any delay.